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Acne - Causes, Triggers, and Natural Remedies for Clear Skin this summer!

  • 7 May 2023

Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Although it is often associated with adolescence, acne can impact people of all ages, causing significant distress and impacting self-esteem. In this blog, we will explore what acne is, its causes, triggers, and ways to prevent and treat it. 

What is Acne? - Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that results in pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and cysts. It occurs when the hair follicles in your skin become clogged with oil (sebum) and dead skin cells, leading to inflammation and sometimes infection. Acne commonly appears on the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders.

Causes of Acne? -  The primary cause of acne is the overproduction of oil (sebum) in the skin, combined with the accumulation of dead skin cells. This mixture can clog hair follicles, creating an environment where bacteria can thrive. Hormonal changes, particularly during puberty, can contribute to acne development. Additionally, genetics, diet, and stress can play a role in the severity and persistence of acne.

Although acne can occur in any climate, changes in weather can exacerbate the condition. Hot and humid climates can increase oil production, while cold and dry climates can cause skin to become dehydrated, leading to increased sebum production to compensate for the lack of moisture.

The key triggers for acne include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Diet (particularly high-glycemic and dairy foods)
  • Certain medications
  • Poor hygiene or skincare habits

Which age groups are most affected by acne?-  While acne is most common in teenagers and young adults, it can affect people of all ages. Adolescent acne is primarily driven by hormonal changes during puberty. Adult acne, on the other hand, may be triggered by hormonal fluctuations, stress, diet, or the use of certain medications.

What are the types of acne? 

  1. Comedonal acne: Characterized by blackheads and whiteheads, this type of acne occurs when pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells.
  2. Inflammatory acne: Involving red, swollen, and sometimes painful pimples, this type of acne occurs when bacteria invade clogged pores.
  3. Cystic acne: The most severe form of acne, cystic acne involves deep, painful, inflamed cysts that can cause scarring.

What are the ways to prevent acne? 

  1. Maintain a consistent skincare routine
  2. Use gentle, non-comedogenic products
  3. Avoid touching your face
  4. Keep hair clean and away from your face
  5. Manage stress
  6. Maintain a healthy, balanced diet
  7. Get enough sleep

What are some natural ingredients that work as effective remedy for Acne? 

  1. Tea tree oil: An antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory essential oil that can help reduce acne.
  2. Green tea: Rich in antioxidants, green tea can help soothe inflammation and control oil production.
  3. Aloe vera: A natural anti-inflammatory and healing agent that can help soothe irritated skin and promote healing.
  4. Apple cider vinegar: A natural astringent that can help balance skin pH and reduce inflammation.
  5. Honey: An antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory natural remedy that can help soothe and heal acne-prone skin.

What is the right skincare regime to avoid acne:

  1. Cleanse: Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser twice daily to remove dirt, oil, and makeup.
  2. Exfoliate: Regularly exfoliate with a gentle, non-abrasive product to  remove dead skin cells and prevent clogged pores.
  3. Tone: Apply an alcohol-free toner to balance your skin's pH and prepare it for moisturizer.
  4. Moisturize: Choose a non-comedogenic, oil-free moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated without clogging pores.
  5. Protect: Use a non-comedogenic, broad-spectrum sunscreen daily to protect your skin from harmful UV rays that can worsen acne and cause scarring.
  6. Mask: Incorporate a weekly face mask with ingredients like clay, or charcoal to help draw out impurities and control oil production

Acne is a complex skin condition that affects individuals of all ages, but with a better understanding of its causes and triggers, you can take steps to prevent and treat it effectively. Adopting a consistent skincare regime, using natural remedies, and making lifestyle changes can significantly improve the appearance and health of acne-prone skin. Remember, it's essential to be patient and persistent, as improvement may take time. If your acne persists or worsens, consult with a dermatologist for a personalized treatment plan.